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FAQ - Questions fréquentes

Est-ce vrai que les vaccins combinés sont moins bien tolérés que les vaccins isolés ?

Non, les évidences suggèrent le contraire.
Il y a de nombreuses études démontrant la bonne tolérance des vaccins à 3 (diphtérie-tétanos-coqueluche), 4 (+polio), 5 (+ HiB) ou même 6 (+ hépatite B) composants.
Références :
Begue P, Stagnara J, Vie-Le-Sage F, Bernard JC, Xerri B Abitbol V. Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of a booster dose of diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis and inactivated poliomyelitis vaccines given concurrently with Haemophilus type b conjugate vaccine or as pentavalent vaccine. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1997; 16(8):787-94.

Mallet E, Belohradsky BH, Lagos R, Gothefors L, Camier P, Carriere JP, et al. A liquid hexavalent combined vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, poliomyelitis, Haemophilus influenzae type B and hepatitis B: review of immunogenicity and safety. Vaccine 2004; 22(11-12):1343-57.

Zepp F, Knuf M, Heininger U, Jahn K, Collard A, Habermehl P, et al. Safety, reactogenicity and immunogenicity of a combined hexavalent tetanus, diphtheria, acellular pertussis, hepatitis B, inactivated poliovirus vaccine and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine, for primary immunization of infants. Vaccine 2004; 22(17-18):2226-33.

Eskola J, Olander RM, Hovi T, Litmanen L, Peltola S Kayhty H. Randomised trial of the effect of co-administration with acellular pertussis DTP vaccine on immunogenicity of Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccine. Lancet 1996; 348(9043):1688-92.

Kovel A, Wald ER, Guerra N, Serdy C Meschievitz CK. Safety and immunogenicity of acellular diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis and Haemophilus conjugate vaccines given in combination or at separate injection sites. J Pediatr 1992; 120(1):84-7.

Decker MD. Principles of pediatric combination vaccines and practical issues related to use in clinical practice. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2001; 20(11 Suppl):S10-8.

Knutsson N, Trollfors B, Taranger J, Bergfors E, Sundh V, Lagergard T, et al. Immunogenicity and reactogenicity of diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis toxoids combined with inactivated polio vaccine, when administered concomitantly with or as a diluent for a Hib conjugate vaccine. Vaccine 2001; 19(31):4396-403.

Halperin SA, Smith B, Russell M, Hasselback P, Guasparini R, Skowronski D, et al. An adult formulation of a five-component acellular pertussis vaccine combined with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids is safe and immunogenic in adolescents and adults. Vaccine 2000; 18(14):1312-9.

Miller MA, Meschievitz CK, Ballanco GA Daum RS. Safety and immunogenicity of PRP-T combined with DTP: excretion of capsular polysaccharide and antibody response in the immediate post-vaccination period. Pediatrics 1995; 95(4):522-7.

Kaplan SL, Lauer BA, Ward MA, Wiedermann BL, Boyer KM, Dukes CM, et al. Immunogenicity and safety of Haemophilus influenzae type b-tetanus protein conjugate vaccine alone or mixed with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine in infants. J Pediatr 1994; 124(2):323-7.

Paradiso PR, Hogerman DA, Madore DV, Keyserling H, King J, Reisinger KS, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of a combined diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis and Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine in young infants. Pediatrics 1993; 92(6):827-32.

Watemberg N, Dagan R, Arbelli Y, Belmaker I, Morag A, Hessel L, et al. Safety and immunogenicity of Haemophilus type b-tetanus protein conjugate vaccine, mixed in the same syringe with diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis vaccine in young infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1991; 10(10):758-63.

Halsey NA. Safety of combination vaccines: perception versus reality. Pediatr Infect Dis J 2001; 20(11 Suppl):S40-4.

Lagos R, Kotloff K, Hoffenbach A, San Martin O, Abrego P, Ureta AM, et al. Clinical acceptability and immunogenicity of a pentavalent parenteral combination vaccine containing diphtheria, tetanus, acellular pertussis, inactivated poliomyelitis and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate antigens in two-, four- and six-month-old Chilean infants. Pediatr Infect Dis J 1998; 17(4):294-304.

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